It does not matter which state we live in, floods occur all over and, when they do, the aftermath can be horrendous. The changing weather patterns around the world means that we are often deluged with rain when it should have been sunny and we are left short of this precious liquid when it is winter. However, sometimes insurance policies do not cover the results of flooding either so everyone should check their policies to make sure that there is a clause included. For those who want to check out what a professional company can do to help, check out ‘Water damage’ to see what they have on offer. It is not necessarily a natural disaster that will cause problems in the home. It may well be pipes that have started to rust or freezing temperatures cracking pipes which will only become apparent when a thaw sets in. Even a small drip which goes on for some time unnoticed will cause lots of problems in the fabric of the building, and it can even short out the electrics if it hits right on the correct spot. It is vital therefore to do a comprehensive check around the home from time to time to see that everything is as it should be. In the loft, check tiles and see if the rain is coming in. Smell the area and if it is musty, it is probably rain leaking in somewhere. This is a little dangerous because spores and fungus grow in warm and damp conditions. The loft is naturally warm because of the heat in the home so if anyone starts to suffer chest or breathing problems, this is the area to check out first. Pipes behind walls have to be checked over too since a leak here will obviously go unnoticed for a long time. Look at ceilings and walls and look for dark patches to discover if there are leaks. Any wetness on a wall or ceiling must be checked out quickly because this liquid must be coming from somewhere. These professional companies have lots of tricks up their proverbial sleeves and will do their utmost to mitigate any losses from a leaking pipe or from a natural disaster. Most of them have industrial drying machines which are placed in the home and left to dry everything out naturally. This may take some time so do not think that an hour or two will do the work. It may be too that the family will have to go elsewhere until the place has been checked out for underlying damage so be prepared for this. Sometimes furniture and rugs can be saved too as long as the company can get to them in time. They will have full knowledge of how to handle these items and will certainly take care if the goods are of high value. Some rugs are heirlooms and, if they cannot touch them, they will know other companies who may be able to restore them to their former glory.
You’re thirsty after working in the sun on a hot Saturday afternoon. You head to the kitchen and pour yourself a cool glass of water and gulp it back greedily. The immediate effect is to cool you down, quench your thirst, and re-hydrate your body. But did you give any thought to what it’s doing to your body? It’s true that doctors suggest we drink 8 glasses of water a day, but if you don’t drink the right kind of water,it can have a harmful effect on you! Wait a minute, you say: “The right kind of water???” How many kinds of water are there? The answer is: several! Water is not just a colorless liquid that quenches our parched tongues. Water is a necessary part of life and not just for keeping us hydrated. Most people don’t know that water contains other properties that allow you to live a healthy life: 1..Your water is supposed to deliver essential nutrients and minerals needed to live. For example, calcium, magnesium, potassium and trace elements — which doctors recommend we take in — can be found in some drinking waters, but not all. Are you spending an arm and a leg on supplements to ensure you’re getting these minerals when instead you can get them simply and cheaply by drinking the right kind of water? 2. Your water should help balance out the acidic state of your body. Simply put, our bodies’ tissues produce waste that is acid in nature. When these acid wastes accumulate –because of pollutants, modern diet and stress — our tissues slowly deteriorate. Chronic diseases such as cancer,arthritis, diabetes and osteoporosis are associated with this acid condition. Water should help balance out our acidic state by being alkaline. 3. Like a natural stream, your water should have antioxidant properties. Oxidization hastens cell breakdown, while foods with antioxidant properties prevent it. You don’t need anyone to tell you that you want a body that generates cells, not destroys them! 4. Your water should be free of contaminants. Many people are shocked to learn that there can be over 2000 contaminants in an ordinary glass of tap water. So aside from quenching your thirst, water should also be full of minerals, be alkaline, and be antioxidant. But did you know that most water is exactly the opposite? And did you know that waters from many water purifier systems fail these basic requirements? It’s true. People buy water purification systems thinking that they will successfully filter out the “bad stuff” and keep the “good stuff”in water. Unfortunately, many systems, even the expensive ones, eitherdo an inadequate job of filtering out the “bad stuff” or they filter out everything– both good and bad. In fact, there are filtration systems for which people pay top dollar, that doctors recommend you don’t drink from on a long term basis — because they can make your body even more acidic! But before you completely swear off water, know this: it’s not all bad news. There are excellent purification systems that do a good job of creating healthy, alkaline water with as much antioxidant property as a glass of orange juice!
In light of our current economic downturn and among growing concerns about our environment, installing a quality water filtration system may seem a less obvious way to help save both money and the environment. In contrast to bottled water, which can often be two to four times the cost of gasoline and up to 10,000 times more expensive than tap water, an effective water filter could save consumers thousands of dollars. Additionally, while bottled water has had a devastating environmental impact, water filters have little to no environmental impact because they are extremely efficient, reusable, sustainable, and practical. Water Filters Save the Environment Bottled water has had an extremely detrimental effect on the environment. Specifically, more than 50 billion bottles are used per year in the U.S alone, and over 200 billion worldwide. In the U.S. approximately 1 billion bottles are transported per week, which requires more than 500,000 gallons of oil per year. To put the number in perspective, the amount of oil used to produce, process, fill, transport, and market water bottles is comparable to filling a quarter of every bottle with oil. In addition, manufacturing that much plastic produces an immense amount of greenhouse gases, which play a significant role in climate change. Unfortunately, less than 15 percent of water bottles are recycled, which means roughly 40 million bottles a day in the U.S. are thrown away. In fact, water bottles make up nearly 1.5 million tons of plastic waster per year. Plastic waste is so immense that vast currents of plastic trash litter the ocean, creating plastic vortexes in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. Simply refilling used plastic bottles with water poses its own set of risks. Plastic bottles may leach carcinogenic chemicals known as phthalates into the water. Phthalates are a known hormone disruptor and have been implicated in certain types of cancer, male infertility, and other serious diseases. Water Filters Save Money Bottled water is outrageously expensive, costing between 240-10,000 times more gallon-per-gallon than tap water. In fact, bottled water has often been called the “blue gold” market, because it returns immense profits, making it, for many investors, the next best thing to diamonds or oil. Surprisingly, even if the cheapest brand of bottled water were used in a home, the water bill would total a whopping $9,000 dollars a month. Consumers seem eager to fill the pockets of the bottled water industry. In 2006, more people in America spent more money on bottled water than on iPods or movie tickets, equaling around $15 billion. Americans threw away 40 billion water bottles per year, which equates to throwing away $1 billion in plastic. And with 3,000 children dying a day from contaminated water, that type of spending seems thoughtless at best. Water Filter Types A quality water filtration is the most economical and environmental friendly way to ensure the safety of your water. There are several types of filters available, each with different levels of effectiveness and cost. Probably the easiest types of filters to install are pitcher filters, filter faucets, and counter-top filters. Pitcher filters are simply pitchers with a filter. They typically improve taste and reduce lead, chlorine, copper, and some chlorine by-products, but they are probably the least effective filters. Additionally, while pitcher filters may be inexpensive initially, you may end up spending more money than you’d expect on replacement filters, which are needed every few months. Filter faucets install directly on the faucet, and it’s easy to switch between filtered and unfiltered water. However, like water pitchers, the filter needs replacing often and may not be effective as more expensive filters. Counter-top filters are also easy to install and are attached directly to the faucet after the aerator is removed. Counter-top filters usually use a combination of carbon filtration and other filters, which make them more effective than pitcher or filter faucets. They also allow a greater amount of water to be filtered in a shorter amount of time. Reverse osmosis is probably one of the most effective filtration systems available. Unlike most pitcher or faucet filters which offer only1-stage filters, RO systems typically have a 5-stage filtration system and can remove a wide range unhealthy contaminants, including VOCs, pharmaceutical drugs, and chlorine by-products. While an RO system may cost more upfront, an RO filter only needs to be changed once a year in contrast to every few months. Some scholars note that RO also removes minerals, such as calcium and potassium from the water, which contribute to the taste and health of the water. Other scholars note that eating healthy food easily replaces the minerals RO removes. Under-sink filters are also more expensive up front than pitcher or faucet type filters, but they offer a more effective filtration system because they offer a multi-step filtration process. Because they are installed under the sink, however, they require modification to the plumbing and they tend to take up room under the sink. When considering a water filter, keep in mind the specific contaminants you want filtered out of the your water. This may mean that you will need to either test your water or refer to your water report that your municipal water center mails you annually. It is also important to maintain your filter according to manufacture recommendations and the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) has certified your filter. Conclusion Bottled water is a massive industry that has made billions of dollars in profits. In doing so, the industry has also had a devastating effect on the environment. Consumers should be aware of less expensive and more “green” alternatives to bottled water, such as a quality water filtration system. Significantly cheaper and safer for the environment, water filters offer the most effective way to achieve safe and tasty water.
Water Stocks Sector Close –Up; Market Opportunity for Remediating Oil-Contaminated Water POINT ROBERTS, WA and DELTA, BC –August 11, 2009 www.Water-Stocks.com, an investor and industry portal for the water sector within Investorideas.com, presents a sector close-up on water stocks by Lisa Springer CFA, Equity research analyst, on the market opportunity for remediating oil- contaminated water. Market Opportunity Remediating Oil-Contaminated Water Lisa Springer CFA, Equity research analyst and financial writer Stocks Covered: Cameron Intl Corp (NYSE:CAM), General Electric (NYSE:GE), Nalco (NYSE:NLC), National Oilwell Varco (NYSE:NOV), Veolia (NYSE:VE), Wescorp Energy (OTCBB: WSCE), Weatherford International (NYSE:WFT) Although oil spills capture headlines, a greater environmental challenge for the oil and gas industry is remediating water polluted in their production operations. Water that comes up with the production of oil and gas is called “produced water.’” Produced water is tainted with hydrocarbon solids, sand, drill cuttings and salts. Oil companies spend an estimated $50 billion every year remediating and/or disposing of produced water to comply with local, state, provincial and federal environmental laws. The volume of produced water worldwide is estimated at tens of billions of barrels each year. On average, every barrel of oil produced results in three barrels of produced water. That equates to managing or disposing of more than 250 million barrels of produced water each and every day. The hydrocarbons trapped in produced water are, not only an environmental hazard, but also a source of lost revenues. Data indicates that, on average, nine tons of oil is released via produced water for every million tons of hydrocarbons produced. Disposal costs for produced water add to already high energy bills. These costs typically include trucking, pre-treatment, injection and desalination, and can run as high as $15 per barrel. Disposing of the hydrocarbon solids that remain after the water is treated is even costlier, estimated at nearly $72 per barrel. Remediation costs for produced water are likely to continue to rise because regulators are pressing for more stringent environmental laws. Penalties for non-compliance are severe; for example, Suncor was recently fined $850,000 for an environmental violation. Costs are also increasing because oil companies are producing more oil to meet the world’s insatiable appetite for energy. Producers are stimulating production from older wells through re-fracturing, a process requiring massive amounts of fresh water, and tapping unconventional oil field plays such as the Alberta Oil Sands and the Barnett Shale. Canadian producers are already consuming over 540 million barrels of fresh water in Alberta Oil Sands operations, resulting in paying water clean up and disposal costs exceeding $100 million annually. Despite the fact that globally fresh water is becoming a scarce commodity, more water is being used, leading to demands that producers reduce water consumption. The problem is that today’s unconventional oil productions require more water than ever – as many as 20 barrels of water for every barrel of oil produced. The management of produced water is a large market and several companies are marketing technologies for cleaning produced water. The Petreco Wemco division of Cameron (NYSE:CAM) markets a heat treatment technology that separates hydrocarbons from water. National Oilwell Varco (NYSE:NOV) manufactures and sells equipment that mechanically removes suspended solids from produced water. Nalco (NYSE:NLC) offers an aeration technology called Induced Gas Flotation that removes suspended particles from water. Privately-held Welco Expediting and Process Group market centrifuging technologies for cleaning produced water. The GE Zeon segment of General Electric (NYSE:GE), Siemens Water Technology and Veolia (NYSE:VE) offer treatment methods based on filtering membranes. Although all of the above-mentioned methods remove some of the pollutants, most single technologies leave behind residential oil content ranging from 500 to 50,000 parts per million in the water. Having residual hydrocarbon in their produced water has a major impact on producers’ operating expenses. Wescorp Energy (OTCBB:WSCE) recently began marketing a novel remediation technology called H20Maxx, which the company claims offers a safer, more effective and economical process for cleaning and separating oil and solids from produced water. H20Maxx employs a patented aeration technology that creates microscopic nitrogen bubbles several orders of magnitude smaller than conventional methods. These bubbles attach to oil droplets and break the oil/water interface, allowing oil to be separated. Third party laboratory tests have shown that H20Maxx reduces oil content in produced water to less than 10 parts per million. Because H20Maxx-treated water is more hydro carbon-free, it dramatically reduces both operating costs and water consumption and also provides the producer with a resalable oil stream. For producers operating in areas where water is in short supply such as the Barnett Shale and Alberta Oil Sands, the ability to re-cycle water is a major advantage. Oil and gas producers recognize the benefits of H20Maxx and have begun using Wescorp’s technology. Last December, Wescorp received 3rd party verification of the H20Maxx’s efficiency and scalability, which led to the signing of a letter of intent with Weatherford International (NYSE:WFT).Weatherford is one of the world’s largest energy services providers, with operations in more than 100 countries and annual revenues of nearly $10 billion. In 2009, Wescorp has made significant progress deploying its technology. The company shipped its first H20Maxx unit to an oil/gas operator in Kansas in May. The unit began operating in July, providing remediation services for one conventional oil well, and is performing well. The oil company in Kansas has now ordered a second unit. H20Maxx units are leased on a day lease rate with a 2,000 barrels/day unit leasing for approximately $1,500/day. In June, Wescorp announced the leasing of an H20Maxx unit to Western Canadian Oil Sands, which plans to deploy the unit at its Athabasca Oil Sands operations in Northern Alberta. In late July, Wescorp announced a 50/50 joint venture with Cancen Oil Canada Corporation to initially install a combined 12 H20Maxx water units and HXCT solids units over the next 12 months at Cancen’s facilities. The joint venture will then build additional units to provide onsite remediation to oil and gas producers in western Canada. Cancen will fund, operate and manage the joint venture, as well as fund construction and deployment costs of the units.
Is your water killing your plants? It is too harsh for your skin, clothes washer and ruining your hair? Salt is a common problem found in water systems today. Salt is able to destroy plants and kill soil for years to come, and water softeners are the blame for the deposited added salt into the water system. This becomes a tremendous problem for salt is extremely difficult and very expensive to remove from water. Imagine if your clothes washer hoses had to be completely replaced, pipes in the wall, etc…all due to excessive salt deposits. It is a continual problem, and the state of California is in attempts of creating legislation to ban water softeners from being sold in California. Water is already scarce in California and the entire Western coast is being forced to find ways to conserve and protect the remaining water supplies still available today. Before going into how to solve the salt issue, it is best to know how salt softeners work. Salt softeners replace ‘good’ minerals, such as calcium with unhealthy minerals aka sodium. The purpose for doing so is eliminating “scale.” However, this causes too many problems down the line. Therefore, a solution is needed to this dire situation. ECOsmarte offers a non-salt and non-chemical alternative to ion exchange also called, water softening. ECOsmarte changes the “hard” minerals, calcium and magnesium in the water to bicarbonate forms. This makes the minerals unable to form the hard scale build-up in plumbing and around fixtures eliminating such nuisances. Another benefit of changing minerals to bicarbonates is that those minerals beneficial to health become more available to be absorbed by the human body rather than excessive salt intake, which is not healthy for anyone. Furthermore, the technology not only prevents scale build-up, but eliminates existing build-up extending the operating life of the plumbing and fixtures in the home. This is another added benefit absolutely unique to the ECOsmarte technology. ECOsmarte is widely installed in California. Also, it is important to note that this water system does not add salt to the water ensuring it will not be banned by California legislation current or future. It is a solid system available today. The ECOsmarte Point-of-Entry Home Water Treatment System is approved by the Water Quality Association. It has a long history able to provide long-term results of water quality tests before and after installs. Water testing has been completed by many independent organizations, such as the National Testing Laboratories of Ypsilanti, MI. As a matter of fact, the ECOsmarte Well System includes a pre-installation test of the well water by the National Testing Laboratory. The well system is then custom-designed for the home owner to solve the particular problems of the well. Also, the water purification system is known as a point of entry system. This means it is installed at the point where the water supply comes into the home. Therefore, it is able to treat all of the water in the home rather than just at one or two faucets at a time. This creates purified water for everything in the house including kitchen faucets, showers, laundry facilities, and the yard. The ECOsmarte technology sanitizes the water, which is something water softeners are incapable of doing, providing additional benefit otherwise unavailable in the home water treatment industry. Water softeners and point-of-use water filters rely on chlorination provided by the city for disinfection. ECOsmarte removes the chlorine and the chlorine by-products and replaces them with oxygen and ionization – providing residual, natural, chemical-free sanitation.
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